Implementation status

TRIAL International, Human Rights and Justice Centre and Advocacy Forum developed a leaflet on the status of the implementation of 26 cases (between 2008 and 2021) rendered by Human Rights Committee on applications lodged by individuals or groups of individuals against Nepal.

Implementation fact sheet – 2021


Date of decisionCaseComm. NoTranslation DisseminationInvestigation Location of remains / Release Prosecution and punishment Adequate compensationRehabilitationNon-repetition Amend legislationProtection from reprisals SatisfactionYear of assessment
18/03/2019Fulmati Nyaya2556/2015D*D*E*N/AE*D*D*N/AE*N/AD* 
06/04/2018Sarita Sharma2464/2014

17/03/2017Purna Maya2245/2013D*D*D*N/AD*D*D*E*E*N/AD* 
12/07/2012Sabita Basnet2164/2012D*D*E*D*E*D*D*N/AE*N/AD* 
03/07/15Manau Disappearances (Tharu et al.) 2038/2011D*D*C1N/AC1B2C1C1N/AN/AC1 

No Committee assessment yet; grading by author

–   Deadline for response by government has not yet passed

Go to the cases database

Grading system adopted by the Human Rights Committee

AReply largely satisfactory    
B1Substantive action taken, but additional information required  
B2Initial action taken, but additional information/action required  
C1Reply received but actions taken do not implement the recommendation 
C2Reply received but not relevant to the recommendation  
D1No reply received within the deadline, or no reply to any specific question in the report
D2No reply received after reminder(s)   
EThe reply indicates that the measures taken go against the recommendations of the Committee

At its 118th session, on 4 November 2016, the Committee decided to revise its assessment criteria.
Assessment criteria (as revised during the 118th session)
Assessment of replies:

New HRC Grading system

AResponse largely satisfactory    
BAction taken, but additional information or measures required  
CResponse received but actions or information not relevant or do not implement the recommendation  
DNo follow-up report received after reminder(s) 
EInformation or measures taken are contrary to or reflect rejection of the Committee’s recommendations  

Explanation of Remedies

Translation and dissemination

Nepal must translate the decision of the Human Rights Committee from English to Nepali and make these decisions widely available to the public.

Investigation of the facts

Nepal must open a formal investigation into the crime(s) committed in an effort to establish the facts of the case and identify the person(s) responsible. Such investigations must be prompt, thorough and impartial.

Information on investigation

Nepal must provide the victim and/or the victim’s family with detailed information on the results of the investigation.

Release or location and return of remains

If the victim is still alive he or she must be released immediately. In the event that the victim is deceased, Nepal must take appropriate steps to locate, exhume and identify his or her remains and return these to the family.

Providing adequate compensation

Nepal must provide victims with monetary payments as a form of reparation to recognise and rectify – as far as possible – the harm suffered. Payments received through the government’s “Interim Relief Program” do not constitute adequate compensation/reparation.

Rehabilitation or Providing psychological rehabilitation/medical treatment

Nepal must make available (or reimburse) necessary services to victims to allow the rehabilitation for the harm suffered as a consequence of the violations to be as full as possible. Such services may include, for example, medical treatment or psychological support, as well as social and legal services.

Prosecution (and punishment) of perpetrators

Following an investigation into the facts, Nepal must initiate criminal proceedings to ensure that the perpetrators are brought to justice.

Providing full reparation

Nepal must provide victims with measures to fully recognise and repair the harm caused by the violation, including providing appropriate compensation, rehabilitation and measures of satisfaction, such as public apologies, public memorials, guarantees of non-repetition and changes in relevant laws and practice.

Prevention of similar violations

Also known as ‘guarantees of non-repetition’, Nepal must take steps to ensure that similar violations will not happen again in the future. This may include general measures, such as changes to domestic legislation and reform of institutions.

Amendment of legislation

Nepal must ensure that its domestic laws conform to the obligations it has under the ICCPR. The Parliament must therefore enact changes to the existing law to prevent future violations and to enable the prosecution of specific crimes – such as torture and enforced disappearance – in its national system.

Protection from reprisals (and intimidation)

Nepal must take measures to ensure that victims and their families are not further victims of harassment or subjected to intimidation and other retaliatory acts in view of their search for justice.

Measures of satisfaction

Nepal must take measures that publicly acknowledge the responsibility of the State and formally recognise the harms suffered by the victims and their families. Examples may include a commemoration to the victims or a public apology.