Mukunda Sedhai


Businessman disappeared in 2003

FACTS

Mukunda Sedhai and the last letter his wife received

Mukunda Sedhai and the last letter his wife received

In December 2003, during a trip to Kathmandu, Mukunda Sedhai was arbitrarily arrested by plain-clothes men while he was playing cards at a tea stall.  It is now known that he was detained in Chhauni Army Barracks, where he told a fellow inmate that he was beaten and tortured so badly during his first few weeks in detention that he could not stand up and had to be taken to hospital.  There have been no reported sightings of him since mid-February 2004 and his whereabouts remain unknown.

Read more here

SEARCH FOR JUSTICE

In 2004 and again in 2005, Mukunda Sedhai’s wife, Shanta Sedhai, approached the courts to request the release of her husband, but officials repeatedly denied that he was being detained.  In June 2007, the Supreme Court issued a decision directing the police to investigate the case.  ShantaSedhai also approached Nepal’s National Human Rights Commission, which conducted an investigation into the disappearance, and concluded that he had been arrested by Army personnel.

In 2008, after no progress in the case, Shanta Sedhai, represented by Advocacy Forum Nepal and supported by REDRESS, filed the case to the UN Human Rights Committee.  The Human Rights Committee decided the case in July 2013.

It found that Nepal was responsible for Mukunda Sedhai’s enforced disappearance, violating numerous human rights including his right to life and right to be free from torture. In addition, it held that the anguish and distress caused to his wife and their two children amounted to prohibited ill-treatment.

Read the decision: English Nepali

RECOMMENDATIONS

The Human Rights Committee recommended that Nepal carry out a thorough and effective investigation of the facts and provide the family with detailed information.  If he is still alive, Nepal must release him immediately, and if he is deceased, it must hand over his remains to his family.  Nepal must prosecute and punish those guilty and provide adequate compensation to the family and Mukunda Sedhai if he is still alive.  In addition, it is required to take steps to prevent this from happening again and to translate the Human Rights Committee’s decision into Nepali and distribute it widely. 

Investigation of the facts B2
No criminal investigation has been carried out.  Instead, the Government has said that the case will be considered by the non-judicial transitional justice mechanisms.  
Release or return of remains C1*
No action has been taken. Mukunda Sedhai’s fate and whereabouts still remain unknown.  
Prosecution of perpetrators B2
No person has been prosecuted in relation to the crime.  
Reparation B2
Mukunda Sedhai’s family has only been provided with a small payment of “interim relief” provided to all victims disappeared during the conflict.  
Prevention of similar violations B2
Enforced disappearance and torture have still not been criminalised under Nepali law.  
Translation & dissemination B2*
The Government has translated the views but these have not been disseminated beyond publication on the website of the Prime Minister’s Office.  

* Note these are unofficial gradings as the Human Rights Committee has not yet commented on implementation

EFFORTS FOR IMPLEMENTATION

  1. Shadow Report to UN Human Rights Committee on Implementation, February 2014 (English)
  2. Meeting between Shanta Sedhai’s representatives and the Government to discuss his case
  3. Letters to the UN Human Rights Committee May 2014 and July 2014
  4. Meeting with the Human Rights Committee November 2015